bg真人

高原明珠的华丽蜕变

——云南省迪庆藏族自治州脱贫记

  

  金沙江大拐弯也叫月亮湾,位于云南省德钦县奔子栏镇和四川省得荣县瓦卡镇交界处,是世界自然遗产“三江并流”区域的标志性景观之一。徐谭摄/光明图片

  shenshengdexueshan,youshendexiagu,feiwudepubu,jingmidehubo……yizhiyilai,xianggelilajiuxiangyigechuanshuo,jisuoyouzhidaotaderenliuxialewuqiongdexiangxiang。

  liuyue,xingzouzaixianggelilademeiyitian,nidounengzaiqingcherujingdetiankong、niuyangchengqundecaodian、cengluandiezhangdeshanfeng、jinbihuihuangdemiaoyuzhong,ganshouzhezheigemeilichengshisuoyunzangzhedeshengjibobo。

bg真人  chuansuozaigaoyuanzhishang,ganrannideshizangzutongbaoneixindejianren。mianduipinkun,meiyouyigerenxuanzeditou。tamenfangxialefutou,zuoshengtaideshouhuzhe;tamennaqileqiju,zuowenhuadechuanchengzhe……

bg真人  diqingzuoweiyunnanshengweiyidezangzuzizhizhou,yeshi“sanqusanzhou”shendupinkundiqu。rujin,zheiliderenmenzhengyongqinlao、zhihui,huijiuchuyifumeilidefendouhuajuan,ranggaoyuanmingzhuzhanfangchugengjiaxuanlideguangcai。

  山清了 水秀了 腰包也鼓了

  huboshidi、senlincaodian、heguxiliu……shengxiadepudacuoguojiagongyuan,hushuiyingzhequnshan,youanjingmi。

bg真人  meidaozheigeshijie,jiazhuxianggelilashiluorongcundezangmindoujieyouweimangliu。“gaiquxunshanle!”zhijiandoujiemalidichuanhaoxunhufu,zouchulejiamen。doujieshuo,guoqucunlirenchiliangshidouxuyaoguojiajiuji,zicongyoulezheigegongyuan,dajiashenghuofashengleqiansuoweiyoudegaibian。

  weiyuxianggelilashijingneidepudacuoguojiagongyuan,shi“sanjiangbingliu”shijieziranyichandehexinfudi。zheiliqixizhebaokuoheijinghe、dianjinsihou、xuebao、jindiaozaineide60duozhongguojiayi、erleiyeshengbaohudongwu。

bg真人  zaijianliguojiagongyuanqian,cunminmendadouguozhebannongbanmudeshenghuo。kanshujianfang、maimucai、dalie……zheijipohuaihuanjing,shouruyoubuwending。weilejiadaduishengtaihuanjingzhili,diqingzhoushishiletuigenghailin、tuimuhaicao、tianranlinbaohudengyipigongcheng。tongshi,dalifazhanshengtailvyou。

bg真人  2005nian,pudacuoguojiagongyuanjianli。ruhezuodaoshengtaibaohuhejingjifazhanzhijiandexianghupingheng?guanlibumenjuedingnachuyibufenfanbuzijinyongyuduidangdicunmindeshengtaibuchang,tongshixinatamenchengweigongyuanlidegongzuorenyuan。

  yushi,cunminmenfangxialeyouju、futou,bianchengzhongshuren、hulinyuan。“bgzhenrenxianzaiyiniannenglingdaofanbuzijin5wanyuan,zuoshengtaihulinyuanyigeyuehaiyou2000yuan,jiashangmaoniu、yeshengjunzhengdeqian,yinianxialaijin10wanyuan。”suanqizheibishouruzhang,doujiexiaodeliekailezui。

bg真人  shanqingle,shuixiule,yaobaoyegule。cunminmendeshengtaiguan,gengshicong“yaobgzhenrenbaohu”debeidongbaohu,zhuanbianwei“bgzhenrenyaobaohu”dejijizhudongbaohu。pudacuoguojiagongyuanfuzongjingliyangliuyanggaosujizhe,jiezhimuqian,gongyuanyiduizhoubianlianggexiangzhen,3gecunweihui,23gecunminxiaozu,866hu3696renjinxingfanbufuchi。10duonianlai,fanbuzijinda1.5yiyuan。

bg真人  yizhiduxiubushichun,baihuazhengyanchunmanyuan。zaidiqing,buzhishipudacuoguojiagongyuan,zaibalagezongjingqu、meilixueshanjingqu、xianggelilaweixidianjinsihouguojiagongyuandeng19gejingqu,doushishileshengtaifanbuhuoqitafanbuzhengceyituijintuopingongjian。

bg真人  chishengtaifan,benhaorizi。diqingzhengyongtamendeshijianshengdongquanshizhelvshuiqingshanjiushijinshanyinshan。

  种的是葡萄 甜的是生活

bg真人  yanzhelancangjiangheguqianxing,jizhelaidaoledichu“sanjiangbingliu”qujinshajiangdedeqinxian。zheilipianpianjiaqideputaojia,yourulingkongpuzhandeculvxintan,zaikongqizhongmimanzheyiguxiangtian。

  putaojidili,cunminmenzhengmangzhechucao、xiuzhi。“biexiaokanta,zheikeshibgzhenrenfengshoudexiwang!”jianjizhecoushangqian,deqinxianshengpingzhenadongcundexiaohuoquzhazhudongshuoqilai。

bg真人  “yiqianjialiqiong,shanggedaxuejiuchenglepinkunhu,zicongjializhongshangleputao,bgzhenrenyemairulexiaokangshenghuo。”fenxiangqituopindexiyue,zheige26suidexiaohuozizhibuzhudixiao。

bg真人  deqinxianquanxianpingjunhaiba4270.2mi,nianpingjunqiwen5.5du,shiyunnanshenghaibazuigao、qihouzuihanlengdexianfen,yeshiguojiajisanqusanzhoushendupinkunxian。mianduijianjudetuopinrenwu,deqinxianhualieshiweiyoushi,chongfenyituodetianduhoudeziranziyuanheqihouyoushizhongqileputao。

  putaozhongzhizaideqinyouzheyoujiudelishi,zaozai1860niansuifaguotianzhujiaochuanrudeqin,zhijinjingneihaibaoliuzhechunzhengdefaguo“meiguimi”putaomingpin。2001nian,yunlingbucunheyanmencizhongshizhong120mu,qudechenggonghou,deqinxiankaishileyi“gongsi+jidi+nonghu”dedingdannongyeshengchanjingyingmoshi。

  xiangquzhajiayiyang,yikaozhongzhiputaoguoshanghaorizidezaideqinhaiyouhenduo。deqinxianputaochanyeyuanquguanweihuizhurenwuchenguanggaosujizhe,muqianquanxianputaozhongzhimianjida13840mu,putaozhongzhihuyou2778hu。qizhong,jiandanglikahu276hu,hujunshouruda1.38wanyuan。“putaochanyeyichengweibgzhenrenzheilituopingongjiandezhongyaozuchengliliang,yikaoputaozhongzhi,rujinpinkunhuyiquanbushixiantuopin。”wuchenguangshuo。

bg真人  chanyeshituopinzhiji,yigedifangyaofazhan,bixuyaoyouchanyezuoweizhicheng。jinnianlai,diqingzhouyituozishenquyuheshengtaiyoushi,zhongdianfazhanputao、zhongyaocai、qingkedengtesechanye。jiezhimuqian,diqingzangzuzizhizhoupinkunrenkouyou2015nianmode19553hu74139ren,jianshaozhimuqiande508hu1579ren;pinkunfashenglvyou24.95%xiajiangdao0.53%,quanzhou147gepinkuncunquanbuchulie。zhici,diqingshixianzhengzhoutuopin。

  守好“老”手艺,闯出“新”路子

  yemujianglin,deqinxianbenzilanzhendejietouyijiufanmang。wuneilurongyixizhengrenzhendijimuwangouxian。“zheiwanzhongyoubgzhenrendewenhuajiyin,meiyidaogongxudouyoujiangjiu,cuobude!”lurongyixiyibianganzhehuo,yibianduijizhejiang。

  muwanshizangzurenminbibukeshaodeshenghuoyongju。zaibeiyuwei“muwanguxiang”debenzilanzhen,youzheyoujiudeshougongmuwanzhizuolishi。shouhuanjingxuntao,lurongyixijiazushidaicongshizhemuzhigongyi。

bg真人  “zaibgzhenrenzangzu,muwanshiyizhongzhenguideliwu,yibanzhihuizengsongshenfenbizijigengweizunguidekeren。”shuoqimuwanyunhandewenhua,lurongyixitaotaobujue。danzuirangtaweizhichengdaode,haishitadailingxiangqinmenyongzuchuande“lao”shouyi,chuangchuzhifude“xin”luzi。

  yinweishouyihao,lurongyixizhizuodemuwanzaiyunnan、qinghai、xizang、sichuandengdishoudaolezhuipeng。tagaosujizhe,yigemuwangenjupinzhi,jiazhicongersanshiyuandaoliangwanyuyuanbudeng。jinpingmuwanchanye,tameinianxiaoshouejiunengda80duowanyuan。

bg真人  weileranggengduorentongguoshougongyishixianzengshou,lurongyixidapole“chuanneibuchuanwai、chuannanbuchuannv”dezangzuchuantong。“bgzhenrenxianzaiyou80gexuetu,qizhong80%yishangdoushiqingducanjiren。”lurongyixishuo,yinweizijishicanjiren,suoyizaizhaoshouxuetushi,tazonghuiyouxiankaolvzhaoshoubenzilanzhoubiandecanjiren。zailurongyixidedailingxia,rujinbenzilanzhoubianyiyou200duorenhuodelegongzuojiuyedejihui,meigerenyuexinnengnadao5000yuan。

bg真人  suizhelvyouyedefazhanjifeiyibaohugongzuodekaizhan,dangxiayuelaiyueduodecunminjijitoushendaomuwanchanpindezhizuohekaifazhong,muwanzhizuoyechengweicujincunminzengshouzhifudezhizhuchanye。2013nianmuwanzhizuojiyijinruyunnanshengjifeiyichuanchengxiangmuminglu。

bg真人  jutongji,diqingxianyouguojiajifeiwuzhiwenhuayichanbaohumingluxiangmu8xiang、shengjibaohumingluxiangmu29xiang、zhoujibaohumingluxiangmu94xiang、xianjibaohumingluxiangmu79xiang。diqingzangzuzizhizhoufeiwuzhiwenhuayichanbaohuzhongxinyewubuzhurensineidunzhugaosujizhe,yifeiyibaohuweizhuashou,tansuo“feiyi+”linian,bujinrangchuantongwenhuadedaoyouxiaodebaohu,tongshiyeweiquanzhoujuezhanshendupinkunzhurulexindongli。

bg真人  nixideheitao、songlindezangxiang、diqingzangzudeguozhuangwu……xingzouzaisanjiangbingliuretushang,renmenqingxidikandao,yikekesanluodefeiyi“zhenzhu”,bujinchuanlianqilezangzurenmindangxiadexingfushenghuo,yezhaoliangletamendemeihaoweilai。(guangmingwangjizhe liuxiyao guangmingribaojizhe xutan)


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